International Maritime Committee / MMK

The International Maritime Committee is a non-governmental organization that aims to promote by all appropriate means and activities the unification of maritime and commercial law, as well as maritime customs and practices.

Da long time ago, back in 1888, the Scandinavian countries put forward a proposal to create an International Maritime Bureau in order to solve problems of technical seaworthiness, to consider the problems of operational safety of navigation.


International Maritime CommitteeIn 1897, at the initiative of the Association of International Law, in order to promote the unification of the norms of maritime and commercial law, maritime customs and practices, an international non-governmental organization was founded - the International Maritime Committee (Comité Maritime International) CMI, which dealt with the topics of maritime law. The Organization carried out unification by drafting international agreements, developing uniform norms of national legislation, studying and generalizing customs and practices of their application, encouraging the creation of a national association for the law of the sea in various countries. 48 maritime law associations are members of this organization.

According to the rules of the MMK, only one association in the country (unless the Assembly decides otherwise), if its goals correspond to the goals of the committee, and its members (any individuals and legal entities) are connected in their activities with the sea and trade or are specialists in maritime law and merchant shipping, can become a member of the International Maritime Committee. If there is no national association in the country and if any organization of this country nominates itself as a member of the International Maritime Committee, the Assembly may agree to such membership after it is satisfied that the goals, or one of the goals pursued by this organization, is the unification of maritime and commercial law, as well as maritime customs and practices.

Only individual members of the association, which nominates them for honorary election, can be full members of the MMK. Temporary members are citizens of States that do not have their own associations, admitted to the session of the MMK Assembly without the right to vote. The organs of the International Maritime Committee are the Assembly, the Executive and Administrative Councils, and the President. The Assembly consists of all members of the Committee and members of the Executive Board.

The MMK Charter provides for the formation of subsidiary bodies, subcommittees and working groups. MMK maintains close contacts with other organizations in the field of international maritime law (UNCTAD, UNCITRAL, IOMC, UNIDROIT), has consultative status with IMO, is engaged in the development of norms of private international maritime law.

The International Maritime Committee has prepared more than 30 draft conventions, 16 of which were adopted at international conferences, among them in particular:

  • International Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules concerning Collisions of Ships, 1910;
  • Assistance and rescue at sea (1910);
  • Limitations of Shipowners' Liability (1924);
  • Seizure and bail of courts (1926);
  • Immunity of State courts (1926);
  • International Convention on the Liability of Nuclear Ship Operators, 1962;
  • Marine Mortgages and Mortgages (1967);
  • Athens Convention on the Carriage of Passengers and Their Baggage by Sea, 1974.

What does MMK do:

  • Develops draft conventions, international agreements;
  • Promotes the formation of national associations of the law of the sea, providing a structured link between them;
  • Interacts with relevant international organizations;
  • Studies and summarizes the experience and practices of the application of existing conventions.

In recent years, the organization has been developing draft conventions on maritime insurance, reservations on bills of lading, on maritime arbitration, the legal status of terminals, ships in foreign ports, registration of ships, problems of accelerating the ratification of conventions by States.

The organization also publishes collections of international conventions on the law of the sea, documents of the International Maritime Committee and other reference literature.

The headquarters of this organization is located in Antwerp (Belgium).Officialorganization's website

Associations of International Maritime Law in RUSSIA

The decision to establish a public organization in Russia, the Association of International Maritime Law, was made in 1968 by the supreme leadership of the USSR.
In December 1968, the Founding Meeting of the Association, an independent public organization of lawyers dealing with the problems of maritime law, was held in Moscow. The initiators of the Association were Soviet lawyers and international figures.

In 1969, the Association was admitted to the International Maritime Committee (IMC), an international non–governmental organization that unites maritime law associations from many countries of the world since 1897 and played a significant role in the development of international maritime law at that time.

The members of the Association are specialists of shipping companies, ports, law firms, scientists, teachers and graduate students of universities and research institutes, employees of federal executive authorities of Russia: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Science, Ministry of Defense, Rosrybolovstvo, Ministry of Natural Resources, etc.

During its existence, the Association has firmly taken its place in public and scientific life, is recognized as a community of qualified specialists in the field of maritime law, enjoys well-deserved authority not only in the country but also abroad.

Members of the Association took an active part in the development of very important drafts of legislative and other regulatory legal acts: the Law of the Russian Federation "On the State Border of the Russian Federation", Federal Laws: "On the Continental Shelf of the Russian Federation" in 1995, "On Internal Waters, Territorial Sea and Adjacent Zone of the Russian Federation" in 1998, "On Exclusive Economic Zone of the Russian Federation" 1998, "On Seaports of the Russian Federation and on Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation" 2007; Code of Merchant Shipping of the Russian Federation 1999, Members of the Association also participated in the preparation of comments to these legal acts.Unfortunately, Russia's membership in MMK has been suspended since 2017.

Below is a table of participants of the International Maritime Committee

A country Organization Website Mail
Argentina Argentine association of maritime law
Australia and New Zealand The maritime law association of australia and new zealand
Belgium Association belge de droit maritime Belgian Association for the law of the sea
Brazil Brazilian Association of maritime law
Cameroon Cameroonian maritime law association
Canada Canadian maritime law association
Chile Chilean association of maritime law
China China maritime law association
Colombia Colombian association of maritime law - "acoldemar”
Congo Congolese maritime law association
Croatia Croatian Maritime Law Society
Democratic People's Republic of Korea Maritime law association, dpr korea
Denmark Danish soretsforening
East Africa The eastern africa maritime law association
Ecuador Asociacion ecuatoriana de derecho maritimo "asedmar”
Finland Finnish law of the sea Association finlands sjörättsförening
France French association of maritime law
Germany German Association for International Maritime Law
Greece Hellenic maritime law association
Hong Kong Hong kong maritime law association
India Indian maritime law association
Indonesia Indonesian maritime law association (imla)
Irish Irish maritime law association
Israel Israel Maritime Law Association
Italy Italian Association of maritime law
Japan The japanese maritime law association
Malaysia International malaysian society of maritime law
Malta Malta maritime law association
Mexico Mexican Association of maritime law, a.c.
Netherlands Dutch Association for transport law
Nigeria Nigerian maritime law association
Norway The Norwegian Maritime Law Association
Panama hat Panamanian association of maritime law
Peru Association?peruvian school of maritime law
Philippines Maritime law association of the philippines (marlaw)
Poland Polish Association of maritime law
Republic of Korea Korea maritime law association
Romania Romanian maritime law association
Senegal Senegalese Association of maritime activities law (asdam)
Singapore The maritime law association of singapore
Slovenia Family for maritime law of Slovenia
South Africa The maritime law association of the republic of south africa
Spain Spanish association of maritime law
Sweden Swedish Maritime Law Association
Switzerland Association suisse de droit maritime Swiss Association for the Law of the Sea
Tanzania Maritime law association of tanzania
Turkey Maritime law association
Ukraine Ukrainian maritime bar association
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United kingdom of great britain and northern ireland
Uruguay Uruguayan association of maritime law
United States of America The maritime law association of the united states
Venezuela Venezuelan association of maritime law
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