Terms used in certification

The number of entries in this glossary is 76.
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Term Definition
Standard units of magnitude
A measuring instrument designed to reproduce and store a unit of magnitude (multiples or fractions of its values) in order to transfer its size to other measuring instruments of this magnitude.
Emergency action
Urgentphytosanitary action undertaken in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation [WCFM, 2001]
Emergency measure
A phytosanitary measure established in an emergency (emergency) order in a new or unexpected phytosanitary situation.Emergency measureit may or may not be a temporary measure [WCFM, 2001, WCFM, 2005].
Accreditation expert
A person who performs all or some functions of accreditation and certification of organizations, whose competence is recognized by the accrediting body.
Environmental aspect of the activity
An element of an organization's activity, its products or services related to interaction with the environment.
The central body of the certification system
The body that heads the certification system for homogeneous products.
Chemical impregnation under pressure
Processingwood with chemical preservatives under pressure in accordance with the official technical specification [ISPM No. 15, 2002]
Treatment with a chemical substance that reaches this product completely or mainly in a gaseous state [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995)

Federal Service for Technical and Export Control - federal executive authority Implementing state policy, organizing interdepartmental coordination and interaction, special and control functions in the field of state security.

Phytosanitary certificate

International officiala document issued by the state bodies for quarantine and/or plant protection, which characterizes the phytosanitary condition of the cargo subject to phytosanitary regulations [FAO, 1990]

Phytosanitary action
An official operation, such as a search,analysis, supervision or processing undertaken to implement phytosanitary regulations or procedures [WCFM, 2001)
Phytosanitary regulation
The official rule on the prevention of the introduction and/or spread of quarantine pests or the limitation of economic damage from regulated non-quarantine pests, in particular - the establishment of procedures for phytosanitary certification
Phytosanitary procedure
Officially prescribed method of application of phytosanitary regulations, including inspection, analysis, supervision or treatment of regulated pests [FAO, 1990; revised, FAO; 1995; CEFM, 1999; WCFM, 2001]
Requirements for operation (repair, disposal)
They relate to the rules of preparation and commissioning, the installation procedure (for the corresponding products), maintenance of the basic conditions of use. the fulfillment of these requirements will ensure the operability and safety of the product in accordance with its
Marking requirements
They relate to the place of its application (on products, labels, packaging and containers); the method of application (engraving, stamping, etc.) and the content. if necessary, use a warning label concerning the conditions of use, transportation, storage, according to
CCI of the Russian Federation

The Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Russia is the Russian Chamber of Commerce, a voluntary non-governmental association of entrepreneurs operating in accordance with a special federal law. It unites more than several hundred territorial chambers of commerce and industry and other associations and associations of Russian entrepreneurs, and its direct members are individual commercial and non-profit organizations.

Synonyms- CCI
The type of plant, plant product or other object transported for commercial or other purposes [FAO, 1990; revised by WCFM, 2001]
Technical regulation

Legal regulation of relations (Article 2 of Federal Law No. 184-FZ of 27.12.2002 “About technical regulation”);

  • in the field of establishing, applying and fulfilling mandatory requirements for products or for products and related product requirements processes of design (including surveys), production, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal;
  • in the field of application on a voluntary basis of requirements for products, design processes (including surveys), production, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal, performance of works or provision of services (within the framework of the Eurasian Economic Union, this area is absent;
  • in the field of conformity assessment.

Technical regulationthere is nothing but standardization based on a combination of the current European model and GOST standards familiar to every manufacturer of goods and services. The basis of those . regulation isTechnical regulations, developed taking into account the recommended standards and subsequent assessment of compliance with the standards of products, production processes, technologies or services. The main task of technical regulation is to protect the interests of legal entities and individuals, the state and natural resources by producing products, technologies and services that comply with regulated standards, rules and regulations.

Synonyms- tech. regulation
Technical regulations

A document adopted by an international treaty of the Russian Federation, subject to ratification in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, or in accordance with an international treaty of the Russian Federation, ratified in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, or a federal law, or a decree of the President of the Russian Federation, or a decree of the Government of the Russian Federation, or a regulatory legal act of the federal executive authority for technical regulation and establishes mandatory requirements for the application and execution of technical regulation objects (products or products and processes related to product requirements for design (including surveys), production, construction, installation, commissioning, operation, storage, transportation, sale and disposal).

Certification scheme (form, method)
A certain set of actions, officially accepted as proof of conformity of products with specified requirements.
Country of origin of the goods
The country in whichproducthas been fully produced or subjected to sufficient processing/processing.
Environmental quality management System
Part of the overall management system, which includes the organizational structure, planning activities, allocation of responsibilities, practical work, procedures, processes and resources for the development, implementation, achievement of goals, evaluation of progress in
The system of certification of homogeneous products
A certification system related to a specific product group, for which the same specific standards and rules and the same procedure are applied.
Personnel certification
Establishment of compliance of personnel quality characteristics with the requirements of domestic and/or international standards.
Certification (certification of goods)
The activity of a third party, independent of the manufacturer (seller) and consumer of products, to confirm the conformity of products with the established requirements.
Certification Center
A legal entity authorized to simultaneously perform the functions of a certification body and a testing laboratory.
Synonyms- Certification Center
Certificate of Conformity
A document confirming the conformity of products with certain quality and safety requirements, established for it by the applicable standards and regulations (GOST, GOST r, GOST r iec, gost r iso, etc.). this document is also often called a certificate
Certificate of origin of the goods
A document that clearly indicates the country of origin of the goods and issued by a state authority
Synonyms- Certificate of origin of the goods
Free from (about the cargo, field or place of production)
Without harmful organisms (or a specific harmful organism) in quantities that can be detected using phytosanitary procedures [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; CEFM, 1999]
Certificate of state registration

An official document issued by the territorial offices of Rospotrebnadzor and confirming the permission of the bodies and institutions of the Department of State Sanitary and Epidemiological Supervision of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation to produce or import products that meet the established requirements.

It serves as an official confirmation of the safety of products for human health according to the uniform rules and sanitary norms of the Eurasian Economic Union (Customs Union), the document is issued for up to 5 years.

They are issued for finished products after conducting hygienic tests in an accredited laboratory. By the decision of the Customs Union Commission No. 299 in 2010, a single list of products subject to state registration was approved.

Read more information

" >SGRIt is required for some cosmetics, household chemicals, baby food, medical products, hygiene products, children's underwear, some types of food and so on. The issued document is valid on the territory of the countries of the Customs Union.

You can check whether a certificate of state registration has been issued for the product you are interested in, whether registration of a CGR for the product is required, on the official website or by following the link.

Synonyms- SGR
Сertificate for safe transport of goods

Certificate of safety of transported goods

When transporting goods by water, air, road, rail, to ensure the safety of transportation, it is necessary to understand the transport risk of goods. 

The qualification of the conditions of cargo transportation consists in carrying out an assessment and recommendations regarding the safety of the transportation of goods in accordance with the laws and standards concerning the transportation of dangerous goods inside and outside the country.

The availability of a certificate for the safe transportation of goods to allow shipping and air companies to transport yourdangerous cargo.


Regional plant quarantine and protection organizations are intergovernmental organizations that have the function of coordinating bodies for national plant quarantine and protection organizations (NPPO) at the regional level. Not all sidesIPPCare members ofROKZRConversely, not all members of the IPPC have signed the IPPC. Some parties are members of several RPPOs.

Currently there are 9 ROKZRS:

  • Asian and Pacific Plant Quarantine and Protection Commission (APCCPP)
  • Andean Community (AS) Committee on Plant Health of the Southern Cone (KZRYUK)
  • European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO)
  • Inter-African Phytosanitary Council (IAFC)
  • Middle East Plant Protection and Quarantine Organization (BVPPO)
  • North American Plant Protection and Quarantine Organization (NPPO)
  • International Regional Organization for Plant and Animal Health (IWRH)
  • Pacific Plant Protection and Quarantine Organization (TOCZR)
Synonyms- RPPO
Regional Organization for Standardization
An organization in which membership is open to the relevant national body of each country of only one geographical, political or economic region.
Vegetable products
Unprocessed material of plant origin (including grain), as well as processed products that, by their nature or by the method of their processing, may pose a risk of introduction and spread of harmful organisms [FAO, 1990; revised
Quarantined material
Any plant, plant product, storage place, packaging, vehicle, container, soil and any other organism, object or material capable of serving as a place of shelter for harmful organisms or contributing to their spread, in relation to
Recycled wood material
A product made of wood when using glue, heat, pressure, or a combination of the listed methods [ISPM No. 15, 2002]
Conformity assessment
Any procedure directly or indirectly used to determine the conformity of products with the requirements of technical regulations or standards is more often confirmed by certification. the conformity assessment procedure may include: sampling, isp
Established, authorized or carried out by the National Plant Quarantine and Protection Organization [FAO, 1990]
Removing bark from round wood (okoreniedoes not necessarily mean thatwoodbecomes bark-free) [FAO, 1990]
Officially approved procedure for the destruction, inactivation or removal of harmful organisms, or for their sterilization or devitalization [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; ISPM No. 15, 2002]

A document containing information about cryptographic algorithms and key lengths, subject to registration with the FSB of Russia (or an authorized body of a member stateThe EAEU) and confirming that the encryption (cryptographic) device can be imported into or exported from the territory of the EAEU.

Notificationit is drawn up and signed by the manufacturer of the goods (or his authorized representative) and registered in the TSLSZ of the FSB of Russia.

The notification procedure, as well as the list of categories subject to notification, is specified in Appendix No. 2 and Annex No. 4 to Annex No. 9 of the DecisionECE№30.

Based on the notification provision, there are 12 categories of goods whose technical and cryptographic characteristics are subject to notification.

Regulatory document
A document that sets out the rules, principles, and characteristics established in the standardization process concerning various types of activities or their results, accessible to a wide range of users interested in it.
Regulatory documents for products submitted for mandatory certification
The laws of the Russian Federation, state standards, sanitary norms and rules, building codes and other documents that, in accordance with the legislation, establish requirements for the safety of products and services.

National Plant Quarantine and Protection Organization [FAO, 1995; WCFM, 2001]

Synonyms- NPPO
Non-tariff measures

A set of various measures and measures of trade, financial, administrative, environmental policy, health policy and other policies aimed at regulating foreign trade, as well as creating obstacles in the field of foreign trade, but not related to customs and tariff methods of state regulation. (Appendix No. 7 to the Treaty on the EAEU. Protocol on Non-Tariff Regulation Measures with respect to Third Countries).

In accordance with international agreementsnon-tariff measuresthey are applied as an exception to the general free trade rule in the following cases:

  • Introduction of temporary quantitative restrictions on the export or import of certain goods caused by the need to protect the national market;
  • Implementation of a permissive procedure for the export or import of certain goods that may have an adverse impact on the security of the state, the life or health of citizens, the property of individuals or legal entities, state or municipal property, the environment, the life or health of animals and plants;
  • Implementation of international obligations;
  • Introduction of the exclusive right toexportor import of individual goods;
  • Introduction of special protective, anti-dumping and countervailing measures;
  • Protection of public morality and law and order;
  • Protection of cultural values Ensuring national security.
Synonyms- Non-tariff measure
Non-tariff regulation

A set of measures to regulate foreign trade in goods carried out by introducing quantitative and other prohibitions and restrictions of an economic nature, which are established by international treaties of the EAEU member States, decisions of the EAEU Commission and regulatory legal acts of the EAEU member States issued in accordance with international treaties of the EAEU member States.

InTKEAESthere is no such definition, there is only a collective concept - 'prohibitions and restrictions', which combine both non-tariff regulation measures and other measures (technical, sanitary, veterinary, etc.).

Measures of state regulation of foreign trade activities are classified into:

  • Economic - customs and tariff measures (changes in the value of customs duty rates). Some measures of non-tariff regulation that affect the volume of foreign trade supplies indirectly, through market mechanisms, leading to higher prices for imported and exported goods. Among the non-tariff measures, these include: anti-dumping, countervailing, special duties;VATand excise taxes, currency regulation measures, etc;
  • Administrative - licensing and quotas of foreign trade activities, embargo, state monopoly on foreign trade, measures of technical regulation, veterinary, phytosanitary control, etc.

There are various classifications of non-tariff barriers developed by both international organizations and individual researchers.

Non-tariff regulationforeign trade in goods may be carried out only in the cases provided for in Articles 21-24, 26 and 27 of Federal Law No. 164-FZ of 08.12.2003 No. 164-FZ (ed. of 28.11.2018) 'On the fundamentals of state regulation of foreign trade activity'

Untreated wood
Wood that has not been processed or processed [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is an international plant protection agreement of 1952, the purpose of which is to protect both cultivated and wild plants by preventing the introduction and spread of harmful organisms. The Convention was signed by 182 parties.

Synonyms- IPPC
International Organization for Standardization
An organization whose membership is open to the relevant national certification body for goods of any country.
Marking of ISPM

An internationally recognized official seal or stamp on the quarantined material certifying its phytosanitary status [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

EAC marking

EAC (Eurasian Conformity) is a single product circulation mark on the market of the member states of the Customs Union.

Synonyms- EAC markings
An internationally recognized official seal or stamp on the quarantined material certifying its phytosanitary status [ISPM No. 15, 2002]

In Russia, the state body issuing licenses for goods restricted to import or export is the Ministry of Industry and Trade.

The licensed activity is

  1. development, production, distribution of encryption (cryptographic) tools, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) tools,
  2. execution of works, provision of services in the field of information encryption,
  3. maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) means, information systems and telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) means

To obtain a license from the Ministry of Industry and Trade, it is necessary to obtain a license for the right to carry out this type of activity in the FSB of Russia

Licensing is carried out in accordance with Federal Law No. 99-FZ of May 4, 2011 "On Licensing of Certain types of Activities". The licensing procedure is defined by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 313 dated April 16, 2012 "On licensing activities for the development, production, distribution of encryption (Cryptographic) Tools, Information systems and Telecommunication systems protected using encryption (cryptographic) tools, performance of works, provision of services in the field of information encryption, maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) means, information systems and telecommunication systems protected with the use of encryption (cryptographic) means (except if the maintenance of encryption (cryptographic) means, information systems and telecommunication systems protected with the use of encryption (cryptographic) means is carried out to meet the own needs of a legal entity or individual entrepreneur)".

Licenses are provided by the Center for Licensing, Certification and Protection of State Secrets of the FSB of Russia (TSLSZ FSB of Russia)

Criterion of sufficient processing and processing
One of the principles of determining the country of origin of goods, according to which a product, if two or more countries participate in its production, is considered to originate from the country where it was subjected to the last significant processing/processing, is
Fixing wood
Wood intended for the protection or fastening of the product, but does not remain associated with the product itself [FAO, 1990; revised ISPM No. 15, 2002]
Quarantine harmful organism
A harmful organism of potential economic significance for a zone at risk in which it is not yet present or present, but is limited in distribution and serves as an object of official control [FAO, 1990; revised by FAO, 1995; IPPC, 1
Chamber drying
A process in which wood is dried indoors using heat and/or humidity control until the required water content is reached [ISPM No. 15, 2002]
Inspection control of certified products
Controlconformity assessment, the purpose of which is to establish that the products continue to meet the specified requirements confirmed during certification.
The procedure by which the conformity of products with the requirements that apply to it (to this type or type) in regulatory or informational documents is established.
Mark of conformity
A legally registered certification mark used in accordance with the procedure for certification by a third party for products (services) that are in full compliance with the requirements of the regulatory document used for certification.
Infection (of the product)
The presence of a living organism in the product that is harmful to the plant or plant product. Infection also includes infection. [CEFM, 1997; revised by CEFM, 1999]
Conclusion of the FSTEC

Permits are issued according to a simpler procedure and do not require the provision of legalized documents, such as a power of attorney from the manufacturer or the notification itself.

This document can be issued in the absence of the EEC Register information about a previously registered notification and the absence of the possibility of its registration. and when importing goods a through a number of special customs procedures (in particular, under the procedure of temporary importation, followed by export), as well as imported for the applicant's own needs.

It is important to note that the import or export of such goods for their own needs is allowed without the right to distribute these goods and provide encryption (cryptography) services to third parties with their help.

Wood packaging materials
Wood or wood products (with the exception of paper products) used to support, protect or package goods (including fastening wood) [ISPM No. 15, 2002]
Bark-free wood
Wood from which all bark has been removed, with the exception of cambium, ingrown bark around knots and bark indentations between the rings of annual growth [MSFM No. 15, 2002]
Product category denoting roundwood, lumber, wood chips or fastening wood with or without bark [FAO, 1990; revised by WCFM, 2001]
Holder of the certificate of conformity
Organization or individual entrepreneur, in whose name the certificate is issuedcertificate of conformityreceived by him after passing the certification procedure
Declaration of Conformity
A document in which the manufacturer (seller, contractor) certifies that the products supplied (sold) by him comply with the established certification requirements (the law of the Russian Federation 'on certification of products and services'.
The manufacturer (seller) who has accepted the declaration of conformity and registered it in the prescribed manner.
A certain number of plants, plant products and/or other materials moving from one country to another and accompanied (if necessary) by one phytosanitary certificate (cargoit can be made up of one or more products or lots
State Register of Certification Systems
The official list of registered certification systems.
Identification (of a harmful organism)
Identification of a pest during inspection or analysis of imported cargo [FAO; 1990; revised, CEFM, 1996]
Veterinary certificate
A document required for the import and export of goods subject to veterinary control across the customs border, and in some cases - when they are moved within the customs territory. The list of such goods was approved by Order No. 648 of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation dated 12/18/2015. The main objective of this certificate is to prevent the spread of infectious diseases dangerous to both humans and animals themselves. Registration of the Rosselkhoznadzor veterinary certificate is necessary for the movement across the border of the Customs Union of all types of meat, fish, eggs, caviar, milk and dairy products, fertilizers, seeds and many other categories of goods.
Phytosanitary risk analysis
The process of evaluating biological or other scientific and economic data in order to determine the need for pest control and the severity of phytosanitary measures against it [FAO, 1990; revised, IPPC, 1997]
Official non-visual inspection carried out for the purpose of identifying harmful organisms or their identification [FAO, 1990]
Official recognition that the testing laboratory is authorized to carry out tests or specific types of tests prior to the certification of products or services; the procedure by which the authorized person in accordance with the legislative act