Certificate of Origin(Generalized System of Preferences Certificate of Origin) in Chinese sounds like 普惠制原产地证 is a document developed and approved in 1968 by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), adopted by developed countries as part of the implementation of the General System of Preferences (GSP), this document gives the right to receive preferences when paying import customs duties at customs registration of goods originating from developing countries or from least developed countries.  The certificate of origin in the form "A" is accepted within the framework of the GSP (Generalized System of Preferences) system.

According to Appendix No. 2 adopted by the decision of the EurAsEC Interstate Council No. 18 of 27.11. 2009, a list of developing countries-users of the tariff preferences system of the Customs Union has been compiled.

List of beneficiary developing countries
Antigua and Barbuda
The Bahamas
Bosnia and Herzegovina
British Virgin Islands
Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China
Dominican Republic
The Republic of Iraq
Republic of Cape Verde
Cayman Islands
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Republic of Korea
Costa Rica
Ivory Coast
Cook Islands
Republic of Maldives
Republic of the Marshall Islands
Federated States of Micronesia
Republic of Nauru
United Arab Emirates
Sultanate of Oman
St. Helena Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Panama hat
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
El Salvador
Independent State of Samoa
Saudi Arabia
Republic of Seychelles
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Lucia
Republic of Serbia
Kingdom of Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago
Sovereign Democratic Republic of Fiji
Republic of Montenegro
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
South Africa
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In Russia in accordance with the decision of the CouncilECE No. 8 dated 13.01.2017. On the list of goods originating from developing countries or from least developed countries, in respect of which, when imported into the customs territoryThe EAEUtariff preferences are provided, a list of such goods has been approved.

The list of goods for which tariff preferences are granted when imported into the customs territory of the EAEU
Meat and edible meat offal
Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and other aquatic invertebrates (except sturgeon and salmon, as well as caviar from them)2
Dairy products; poultry eggs; natural honey; food products of animal origin, not elsewhere specified or included
Animal products not elsewhere named or included
Live trees and other plants; bulbs, roots and other similar parts of plants; cut flowers and ornamental greenery
Vegetables and some edible root vegetables and tubers
Edible fruits and nuts; citrus fruit peel or melon peel
Coffee, tea, mate, or Paraguayan tea, and spices
Products of the milling and cereal industry; malt; starches; inulin; wheat gluten
Oilseeds and fruits; other seeds, fruits and grains; medicinal plants and plants for technical purposes; straw and fodder
Natural crude shellac; gums, resins and other vegetable juices and extracts
Vegetable materials for the manufacture of wicker products; other products of vegetable origin, not elsewhere specified or included
Fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin and their breakdown products; prepared edible fats; waxes of animal or vegetable origin
Prepared products from meat, fish or crustaceans, shellfish or other aquatic invertebrates
Cocoa beans, whole or crushed, raw or fried
Husks, shells, skins and other cocoa waste
Processed products of vegetables, fruits, nuts or other parts of plants
Products for making sauces and ready-made sauces; flavorings and seasonings mixed; mustard powder and ready-made mustard
Ready-made soups and broths and preparations for their preparation; homogenized composite ready-made food products
Tobacco raw materials; tobacco waste
Salt; sulfur; earth and stone; plaster materials, lime and cement
Ores, slag and ash
Medicinal products (other than goods of heading 32, 35 or 36) consisting of a mixture of two or more components, for use for therapeutic or preventive purposes, but not packaged in the form of metered dosage forms or in forms or packages for retail sale
Tanning or dyeing extracts; tannins and their derivatives; dyes, pigments and other coloring substances; paints and varnishes; putties and other mastics; printing ink, ink, ink
Essential oils (containing or not containing terpenes), including concretes and absolutes; resinoids; extracted essential oils; concentrates of essential oils in fats, non-volatile oils, waxes or similar products obtained by anflerage or maceration; terpene by-products of deterpenization of essential oils; aqueous distillates and aqueous solutions of essential oils
Mixtures of scented substances and mixtures (including alcoholic solutions) based on one or more such substances used as industrial raw materials; other preparations based on scented substances used for the manufacture of beverages
Organic surfactants (other than soap); surfactants, detergents (including auxiliary detergents) and cleaning products containing or not containing soap (other than products of heading 341)
Protein substances; modified starches; adhesives; enzymes
Products for the transportation or packaging of goods, made of plastics; stoppers, caps, caps and other closures, made of plastics
Natural rubber, balata, gutta-percha, guaiula, chicle and similar natural resins, in primary forms or in the form of plates, sheets or strips, or tapes
Timber obtained by sawing or splitting lengthwise, planing or peeling, processed or not processed by planing, grinding, having or not having end joints, with a thickness of more than 6mm, made of tropical wood
Wooden mosaic and inlaid products; jewelry boxes and boxes for jewelry or knife and similar products, wooden; figurines and other decorative products, wooden; wooden furniture items not specified in group 94
Other wooden products
Cork and its products
Products made of straw, alpha or other materials for weaving; basket products and wicker products
Wool not subjected to carding or combing
Cotton fiber, not subjected to carding or combing
Other vegetable textile fibers; paper yarn and paper yarn fabrics
Cotton wool, felt or felt and non-woven materials; special yarn; twine, ropes, ropes and cables and products made of them
Knotted carpets and other textile floor coverings, ready or not ready
Carpets "kilim", "sumac", "Kermani" and similar handmade carpets
Carpets and other textile floor coverings, ready or not, made of wool or fine animal hair2, 3
Braided braid in a piece; finishing materials without embroidery in a piece, except knitted or crocheted; tassels, pompoms and similar products
Artificial flowers, leaves and fruits and their parts; products made of artificial flowers, leaves or fruits, of other materials
Articles made of stone, gypsum, cement, asbestos, mica or similar materials
Figurines and other decorative ceramic products
Other ceramic products
Glass beads, products imitating pearls, precious or semi-precious stones and similar small forms of glass
Seating furniture made of reed, willow, bamboo or similar materials
Furniture made of other materials, including reed, willow, bamboo or similar materials
Parts of furniture made of other materials
Processed and suitable for carving ivory, bone, turtle shell, horn, antlers, corals, mother-of-pearl, other materials of animal origin and products from these materials (including products obtained by molding)
Processed materials of vegetable or mineral origin, suitable for carving, and products made of them; molded or carved products made of wax, stearin, natural resins or natural rubber or model pastes, and other molded or carved products, not elsewhere named or included; processed gelatin, uncured (other than gelatin of heading 353) and products made of uncured gelatin
Brooms, brushes (including brushes that are parts of mechanisms, devices or vehicles), manual mechanical brushes without motors for cleaning floors, mops and feather dusters for dusting; knots and bundles prepared for the manufacture of brooms or brush products; paint pads and rollers; rubber mops (except rubber rollers to remove moisture)
Hand sieves and sieves
Buttons, buttons, snap fasteners, button molds and other parts of these products; blanks for buttons
Simple pencils (other than those specified in heading 968), colored pencils, pencil slates, pastels, charcoal pencils, crayons for writing or drawing and crayons for tailors
Smoking pipes (including cup-shaped parts), cigar or cigarette mouthpieces, and parts thereof
Combs, hair combs and similar items, ebony or plastic
Thermos flasks and other vacuum vessels assembled; parts thereof, except glass flasks
Works of art, collectibles and antiques
Live animals
Fish and crustaceans, mollusks and other aquatic invertebrates
Sugar and sugar confectionery
Cocoa and its products
Finished products from cereals, flour, starch or milk; flour confectionery
Different food products
Alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and vinegar
Residues and waste from the food industry; ready-made animal feed
Tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes
Compression hosiery with distributed pressure
Industrial and professional clothing for men and boys made of cotton yarn
Life jackets and belts
Shoe parts (including shoe upper blanks with attached or unfastened main insole); insole inserts, podpyatochniki and similar products; gaiters, gaiters and similar products, and their details
Zinc and its products
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How to get a certificate of origin in China?

Buying goods in China and crossing the Russian-Chinese border does not mean thatproductIt was produced in China. For this purpose, this document is required, which confirms that the place of actual production of goods exported from China is located on the territory of China and the goods are made entirely from Chinese raw materials or have undergone sufficient processing (processing) on the territory of China.

If the goods have been processed or processed in several countries, the country of origin is determined according to criteria that may be established by various trade agreements concluded by the exporting country with the exporting country (for example, free trade area agreements), or agreements in which both countries participate (for example, an Agreement on the Rules of OriginWTO, in which all WTO members participate).

The standard criteria for determining the place of origin of goods are the following signs:

  • The goods were completely received or produced in a given country (this rule is most often applied when determining the place of origin of minerals and products of their processing, agricultural products);
  • This country is the last place of sufficient processing (processing) of goods. That is, if two or more countries participate in the manufacture of a product, the country of origin of the product is recognized as the country in which it was subjected to the last significant processing necessary for the acquisition of its basic properties by the product. Sufficient processing (processing) of goods is considered to be processing, as a result of which the first digits of the commodity nomenclature code change, processing that meets the ad valorem share rule or certain technical requirements.
  • Import Content Rule (Import Content Rule in which the share of the value originating from a country that is not a party to the agreement should not reach a certain level - as a rule, 30-50%)
  • Local Cost Maintenance rule (Regional Value / Content Rule, according to which the content of the share of the value originating from the countries(s) that are parties to the free trade agreement should reach a certain level).

In China, the certificate of the country of origin of Form A is issued by the Inspection for the Control of Import-Export of Goods and Quarantine Supervision of China (CIQ – The China Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau). CIQ representative offices are available at most crossing points of the Russian-Chinese border, so exporters do not have any problems with obtaining a Form A certificate. The cost of registration of the document is about 150-200 yuan. But you need to remind the supplier of the goods that you need a certificate of the country of origin of Form A.

The certificate must have the signature and seal of the regional representative office of this institution. Certificates issued by other authorities will probably not passcustoms control.

Certificates of origin can be divided into two main categories: preferential (allowing the importer to count on a preferential customs tariff) and standard (for determining the place of origin of goods).

You may need a certificate if compensatory, protective measures are applied to imported goods to protect domestic producers, the main of which are anti-dumping duties.

Also, this document will be useful to you ifthe contractit provides for a letter of credit form of payment, the certificate of the country of origin can be included in the list of documents confirming the delivery, in this case it will need to be submitted to the bank.

There are several varieties of certificates that are designated by different letters.

  • A certificate in Form A is required for full or partial exemption from customs duties in the importing country when importing goods under the general system of preferences for developing countries. Chinese goods are subject to a common system of preferences in the European Union, the Customs Union and Japan.
  • A certificate of origin in Form B is required for the export of goods for which a preferential customs tariff applies in a member country of the Asia-Pacific Trade Agreement. The parties to this agreement are China, Bangladesh, India, South Korea, Nepal, Laos, Sri Lanka, Philippines).
  • A certificate of origin in the form of E - is needed for the export of goods for which a preferential customs tariff is in effect under the free trade zone agreement between the PRC and the ASEAN countries (Brunei Darussalam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam).
  • Certificate of Origin in Form F - is used for the export of goods under the free trade zone agreement between China and Chile.
  • Certificate of origin in the form of P - is used for the export of goods under the free trade zone agreement between China and Pakistan.
  • Certificate of Origin in Form X - used for the export of goods under the Free trade zone agreement between China and Singapore.
  • Other forms of certificate of origin are used for the export of goods under other free trade zone agreements concluded by the PRC (New Zealand, Iceland, Switzerland, etc.).